Eschmann stylets, or Bougies, can assist the clinician with endotracheal intubation in difficult airway scenarios.  The stylet when properly placed can act to guide the endotracheal tube (ETT) into the trachea.  However, there are different troubleshooting techniques that once must…
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It has long been Dogma that an abnormal modified Allen’s test is a contraindication to performing a radial arterial line in that arm.  The theory behind this is that the modified Allen’s test will identify patients who have insufficient collateral circulation…
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A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials was conducted to determine the effects of protocolized sedation in mechanically ventilated adult intensive care unit patients. Six randomized controlled trials and 1243 patients were studied. The results showed that protocolized…
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A recent article in JAMA reviewed 62 high-quality articles to determine the clinical factors that can help to predict the patient with a difficult airway.  Airway management experts have devised different scoring systems and exam findings that can predict the…
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Does Simulation Based Training Improve Central Line Success Rates? Simulation-based procedural training has become increasingly popular in academic medical centers and among medical trainees.  Limited data has suggested that simulation based training improves success rates and safety, but evidence has…
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Simulation-based procedural training has been shown to improve procedural competence, safety, operator confidence and most importantly patient safety for every bedside procedure studied.  Now, a new systematic review and meta-analysis confirms that simulation-based training in airway management improves procedural competence…
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This blog summarizes the 2019 Society of Interventional Radiology (SIR) for Periprocedural Management of Image-guided Procedures with regards to thrombocytopenia, coagulopathies, antiplatelets and anticoagulation.  The SIR guidelines are summarized as follows: Anticoagulation with heparin, LMWH, fondaparinux, argatroban, warfarin, DOAC, clopidogrel, ticagrelor…
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A number of additional factors must be considered with airway management in COVID-positive patients. Hospital Procedures Consultants (HPC) can provide simulation-based training to prepare providers for airway management in COVID-positive patients. The first essential consideration is to place the patient into a…
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Original studies of ultrasound-guided thoracentesis concluded a 2% risk of pneumothorax. A recent single center study of 9320 thoracenteses over 12 years all by procedural experts had pneumothorax rate of 0.6%. This same study also demonstrated a very low incidence…
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Continuous Capnometry Should be Standard Practice for Moderate-Deep Procedural Sedation Continuous capnometry has been consistently proven to identify patients undergoing moderate-deep procedural sedation who have impaired ventilation well before hypoxia develops.  There have been at least 8 studies that have…
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Chest tube placement, or tube thoracostomy, can be an anxiety-provoking procedure for both the patient AND the operator.  It can also be a very gratifying procedure for the operator when performed successfully and without patient discomfort. Here are a few…
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Video laryngoscopy is superior to direct laryngoscopy for emergency intubations in the ICU. A recent meta-analysis based on nine trials evaluated 2,133 ICU patients and concluded that video laryngoscopy (VL) has a higher first pass success rate compared to direct…
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Intraosseous vascular access using the EZ-IO device is a wonderful option for emergency access in the hospital or pre-hospital setting. Intraosseous lines are easy to place with proper training and can serve as emergency vascular access during cardiac arrest or…
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According to recent studies, atraumatic needles (ATN) reduce the rate of post-dural puncture headache (PDPH) when compared to traumatic needles (TN – or bevel-tip needles such as Quincke needles) (27% vs 60%).  Also, the mean duration of PDPH from ATN…
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Does Simulation Based Training Improve Central Line Success Rates? Simulation-based procedural training has become increasingly popular in academic medical centers and among medical trainees.  Limited data has suggested that simulation based training improves success rates and safety, but evidence has…
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