There are two myths that have persisted about thoracentesis and pleural fluid analysis that must be dispelled. The first myth is that a large volume thoracentesis should not remove more than 1,500 mL fluid due to the risk of re-expansion…
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Timely administration of broad-spectrum antibiotics in septic patients saves lives.  Though this has been demonstrated in hundreds of clinical investigations over the last few decades, antibiotics remain the most controversial topic in the management of severe sepsis and septic shock. …
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Aggressive fluid administration is a hallmark of septic shock management and has been espoused by the Surviving Sepsis Campaign and is a part of the CMS SEP-1 sepsis bundle. The sepsis bundle includes administration of 30 ml/kg crystalloid bolus (LR…
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The Society of Critical Care Medicine (SCCM) recommends that all mechanically ventilated patients receive analgesia, sedation, and delirium assessment and management while intubated. SCCM reinforced these principles in their 2018 clinical practice guideline on the prevention and management of pain,…
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Malpositioned central venous catheters occurs in about 7% of central line placements. A malpositioned central line is any central venous catheter where the tip is located anywhere other than the superior vena cava (SVC) for internal jugular lines or subclavian…
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In 2015 a meta-analysis found that when an ultrasound was used during a radial arterial catheter placement the first pass success rate improved. In the eleven trials that met inclusion criteria over 800 patients were enrolled. Compared to the palpation-guided…
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The SARS-COV-2 pandemic started in January 2020 and has decimated the majority of U.S. hospitals for the past 18 months. The impact of COVID-19 has not only affected available hospital beds, but has limited the ability of hospitals to perform…
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