Early and rapid administration of life-saving medications and fluids is critical in emergency situations, but gaining vascular access can be challenging. Moreover, central line placement brings the risk of pneumothorax and arterial injury and requires full and certified competence, which…
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During life-threatening situations, the airway of a patient may be severely compromised. The condition requires critical and timely intervention by establishing a front-of-neck access (FONA) emergency airway, otherwise known as emergency cricothyrotomy or cricothyroidotomy. Cricothyroidotomy is performed as a final…
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Pleural effusions occur when excessive fluid such as blood or pus accumulates between the visceral pleura and parietal pleura of the pleural cavity. Evaluating patients for pleural effusions involves certain challenges. However, prompt diagnosis and treatment are essential to reduce…
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If a patient’s airway is compromised during a life-threatening situation, prompt and effective intervention is crucial. This includes front-of-neck access (FONA) emergency airway, or cricothyroidotomy. Also known as cricothyrotomy, it is a specialized procedure that creates emergency access to the…
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Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) is a revolutionary diagnostic method that helps enhance physical examination at the point of care, that is, the patient’s bedside. Clinicians can use this tool to quickly diagnose medical conditions and guide treatment or bedside procedures, including…
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Critical emergency skills are an important tool in a healthcare provider’s arsenal. They must be able to safely perform emergency procedures to save lives when faced with a critical situation.  However, once they finish their studies and training, many physicians…
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Ultrasound technology has revolutionized the medical industry and provided physicians with the ability to visualize internal tissue and organs in real time. Advancements and changing trends in medical technology have also seen smaller and more affordable ultrasound machines cropping up…
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Injury causes over 150,000 deaths per year in the U.S. and over 5 million worldwide.  Around 80% of these traumatic injuries are blunt, with incidences of fatality secondary to hypovolemic shock and intraperitoneal bleeds. Fatalities can be prevented if professionals…
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Delays to hospital inpatient admission in excess of five hours from arrival at an Emergency Department (ED) lead to a mortality rate of 8.71%. This increases by another 8% in cases where admission is delayed beyond six to eight hours. …
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Fever can be a serious complication in infants aged three months or younger.  Immediate medical intervention is necessary to treat the possible infection, although clinical evaluation can be quite a conundrum. This is because there’s no way of knowing what…
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Intraosseous lines are commonly associated with decreased return of spontaneous circulation or ROSC rates compared to peripheral IV access. Intraosseous lines have also been linked to decreased survival after out-of-hospital and in-hospital cases of cardiac arrest in comparison to IV…
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