Video Laryngoscopy Is Superior to Direct Laryngoscopy for Failed Intubation Attempts in the ER Although video laryngoscopy has repeatedly been shown to be superior to direct laryngoscopy, there has not yet been any specific directive instructing emergency department (ED) intubators…
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The Difficult Airway Society (DAS) has recently published new guidelines for awake tracheal intubation (ATI) in adults.  When performed correctly, ATI has a favorable safety profile for patients with an anticipated difficult airway.  The guidelines cover the indications for ATI,…
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Emergency department (ED) intubation is constantly evolving, with new devices, techniques, and medications being frequently adopted. To evaluate temporal trends, National Emergency Airway Registry (NEAR) investigators analyzed registry data on ED intubations at 13 large hospitals in the U.S., Canada,…
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Simulation-based procedural training has been shown to improve procedural competence, safety, operator confidence and most importantly patient safety for every bedside procedure studied.  Now, a new systematic review and meta-analysis confirms that simulation-based training in airway management improves procedural competence…
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Patients may have anatomically difficult airways or physiologically difficult airways.  Both anatomical and physiological factors can lead to peri-intubation complications.  My goal for this blog is to describe the factors that may contribute to an anatomically difficult airway and clinical…
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With flush-rate oxygen, a non-rebreather mask was at least as good as a bag-valve-mask ventilation for intubation preoxygenation. Many intubators using the rapid sequence intubation protocol use a bag-valve-mask (BVM) for preoxygenation. But in the absence of a good mask…
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There have been multiple strategies to determine the “optimal PEEP” in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).  One strategy is to perform a recruitment maneuver using an “Open Lung” approach and neuromuscular blockade (with pressures as high as 60 cm H2O),…
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Video laryngoscopy is superior to direct laryngoscopy for emergency intubations in the ICU. A recent meta-analysis based on nine trials evaluated 2,133 ICU patients and concluded that video laryngoscopy (VL) has a higher first pass success rate compared to direct…
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Prior studies have suggested that patients should be intubated emergently in an upright, head-forward position rather than in the traditional supine position.  This is especially true for intubations of morbidly obese patients where it is known that pre-oxygenation and intubation in…
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The 2015 American Heart Association Advanced Cardiovascular Life Support guidelines deemphasizes advanced airway placement during the initial resuscitation. Out-of-hospital–arrest data suggest lower survival among patients who are intubated in the field.  Therefore, it is important to determine the importance of…
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Investigators have conducted a secondary analysis in order to identify predictors of difficult or prolonged intubation with hypercurved videolaryngoscopes. The analysis was of a randomized control trial of 1100 elective surgery patients. After anesthesia and neuromuscular blockade, these patients were…
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Complications from long-term deep sedation and the lack of adequate pain control for mechanically ventilated intensive care unit (ICU) patients has resulted in the development of sedation protocols emphasizing pain control over sedation. These protocols use either remifentanyl or fentanyl.…
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In a study conducted at two academic medical centers, records showed that of 71,570 intubations 2,004 used Glidescope for airway management. Success rates and complications were documented in these Glidescope intubations. The overall success rate for Glidescope intubations was 97%.…
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A recent meta-analysis and systematic review of 13 randomized, placebo-controlled trials analyzed over 2000  patients hospitalized for CAP.  The analysis examined whether the addition of systemic corticosteroids doses (20–60 mg of prednisone or steroid equivalent) to empiric antibiotics was any better than…
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Based on meta-analysis of randomized, controlled trials, noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) is the only intervention that improves mortality in patients hospitalized for exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, many patients who are eligible for this intervention go…
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