There are two myths that have persisted about thoracentesis and pleural fluid analysis that must be dispelled. The first myth is that a large volume thoracentesis should not remove more than 1,500 mL fluid due to the risk of re-expansion…
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Thoracentesis is one of the most common bedside procedures performed in U.S. hospitals.  There are about 173,000 thoracenteses performed each year in the U.S.  A systematic review and meta-analysis in 2010 concluded that thoracentesis-related pneumothorax occurs 6% of the time…
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Does Simulation Based Training Improve Central Line Success Rates? Simulation-based procedural training has become increasingly popular in academic medical centers and among medical trainees.  Limited data has suggested that simulation based training improves success rates and safety, but evidence has…
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A patient with a hemodynamically stable spontaneous pneumothorax can be managed as an outpatient using the placement of a small-bore pigtail catheter attached to a Heimlich valve.   As the Director of Medicine at a teaching hospital, I frequently encounter…
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Eschmann stylets, or Bougies, can assist the clinician with endotracheal intubation in difficult airway scenarios.  The stylet when properly placed can act to guide the endotracheal tube (ETT) into the trachea.  However, there are different troubleshooting techniques that once must…
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Aggressive fluid administration is a hallmark of septic shock management and has been espoused by the Surviving Sepsis Campaign and is a part of the CMS SEP-1 sepsis bundle. The sepsis bundle includes administration of 30 ml/kg crystalloid bolus (LR…
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It has long been Dogma that an abnormal modified Allen’s test is a contraindication to performing a radial arterial line in that arm.  The theory behind this is that the modified Allen’s test will identify patients who have insufficient collateral circulation…
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The Society of Critical Care Medicine (SCCM) recommends that all mechanically ventilated patients receive analgesia, sedation, and delirium assessment and management while intubated. SCCM reinforced these principles in their 2018 clinical practice guideline on the prevention and management of pain,…
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A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials was conducted to determine the effects of protocolized sedation in mechanically ventilated adult intensive care unit patients. Six randomized controlled trials and 1243 patients were studied. The results showed that protocolized…
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