Malpositioned central venous catheters occurs in about 7% of central line placements. A malpositioned central line is any central venous catheter where the tip is located anywhere other than the superior vena cava (SVC) for internal jugular lines or subclavian…
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This blog summarizes the 2019 Society of Interventional Radiology (SIR) for Periprocedural Management of Image-guided Procedures with regards to thrombocytopenia, coagulopathies, antiplatelets and anticoagulation.  The SIR guidelines are summarized as follows: Anticoagulation with heparin, LMWH, fondaparinux, argatroban, warfarin, DOAC, clopidogrel, ticagrelor…
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The SARS-COV-2 pandemic started in January 2020 and has decimated the majority of U.S. hospitals for the past 18 months. The impact of COVID-19 has not only affected available hospital beds, but has limited the ability of hospitals to perform…
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Peripheral vasopressor infusions are generally safe at low-moderate doses and for short durations, but you must watch the patient carefully for extravasation that can cause serious tissue injury. Traditionally, central lines were placed for administration of vasopressor infusions at any rate. We…
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Based on several studies, central line malposition occurs between 3.3-6.7% of the time.1  The historical recommendation is that malpositioned central lines should not be used for long periods of time, if at all.  The basis for these recommendations is based…
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Where to place a central venous catheter is a decision driven mainly by individual preference. The limited evidence available has not established any site as superior; the subclavian position has been reported as being less infection-prone, but more likely to cause…
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The internal jugular or subclavian veins have fewer combined mechanical or infectious complications for central venous catheter insertions compared with femoral vein CVC placements.  Numerous organizations have proposed guidelines or central line bundles that have advocated preferential use of the…
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The evidence base for the safety of ultrasound-guided central line placement with thrombocytopenia or in patients with a bleeding diathesis is not robust.  Nevertheless, based on the data available most procedural experts feels that an ultrasound-guided central venous catheter insertion…
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Where to place a central venous catheter is a decision driven mainly by individual preference. The limited evidence available has not established any site as superior; the subclavian position has been reported as being less infection-prone, but more likely to cause…
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Definitions Presumed source with SIRS criteria = infection Infection with life-threatening organ dysfunction = sepsis Sepsis refractory to intravenous fluid challenge = septic shock Treatment of sepsis or septic shock Draw blood cultures x 2 Analyze any fluid that may…
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The goal of zero device-related infections is what CMS desires for all hospitals, but is not a realistic goal.  Nevertheless, we can do everything in our power to minimize central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs).  We now can appreciate that the…
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