Use of noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) or BiPAP can temporarily support ventilation during initial treatment in some patients with respiratory failure. However, many patients fail NPPV and ultimately need intubation. Early intubation or close observation can benefit patients at…
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Obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS) is defined by the triad of obesity (BMI >30 kg/m2), daytime hypoventilation (Paco2 >45 mm Hg), and sleep-disordered breathing in the absence of other causes of hypercapnia, such as severe obstructive lung disease, severe interstitial lung…
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Based on meta-analysis of randomized, controlled trials, noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) is the only intervention that improves mortality in patients hospitalized for exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, many patients who are eligible for this intervention go…
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