Timely administration of broad-spectrum antibiotics in septic patients saves lives.  Though this has been demonstrated in hundreds of clinical investigations over the last few decades, antibiotics remain the most controversial topic in the management of severe sepsis and septic shock. …
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Aggressive fluid administration is a hallmark of septic shock management and has been espoused by the Surviving Sepsis Campaign and is a part of the CMS SEP-1 sepsis bundle. The sepsis bundle includes administration of 30 ml/kg crystalloid bolus (LR…
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It has long been Dogma that an abnormal modified Allen’s test is a contraindication to performing a radial arterial line in that arm.  The theory behind this is that the modified Allen’s test will identify patients who have insufficient collateral circulation…
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In 2015 a meta-analysis found that when an ultrasound was used during a radial arterial catheter placement the first pass success rate improved. In the eleven trials that met inclusion criteria over 800 patients were enrolled. Compared to the palpation-guided…
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The SARS-COV-2 pandemic started in January 2020 and has decimated the majority of U.S. hospitals for the past 18 months. The impact of COVID-19 has not only affected available hospital beds, but has limited the ability of hospitals to perform…
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Definitions Presumed source with SIRS criteria = infection Infection with life-threatening organ dysfunction = sepsis Sepsis refractory to intravenous fluid challenge = septic shock Treatment of sepsis or septic shock Draw blood cultures x 2 Analyze any fluid that may…
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Noninvasive continuous arterial pressure monitoring using finger photoplethysmography is not quite ready for prime time.  This technology is comparable to cuff pressures, but this technology is far too variable compared with invasive arterial blood pressure monitoring using an arterial line.…
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Arterial lines are not completely benign.  They can definitely cause catheter-related bloodstream infections.  This study shows that arterial lines have a rate of bloodstream infection of about 1 in 1,000 catheter days.  Femoral arterial lines have a higher rate of…
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Ultrasound for Radial Arterial Line?   Do I really need to use an ultrasound for radial arterial lines?  For years I have used ultrasound guidance for brachial and femoral arterial line placement because the risk associated with puncturing or lacerating…
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